Meteorite 35 For Sale at a bargain price. A gnarly Meteorite from Campo del Cielo, Argentina. Who doesn’t love meteorites? Amazing little chunks of metal from space. It is now known that humans were using these treasures well before the Iron Age. This is a Nickel Iron rough Octahedrite meteorite, classification IAB. There is much information available from this particular meteorite fall. It was re-discovered by the Spanish in the 1500’s and is believed to have fallen to earth over Argentina between 4000 and 6000 years ago. Several craters were created in the process. Many large specimens from this event grace museums around the world. This specimen is mounted on a small acrylic display pad for enhanced display. Included is a small neo magnet to show the magnetic properties of Iron. Real Star Dust so buy one and make a wish upon a shooting Star.
Campo del Cielo, Argentina.
3.4cm x 2.2cm x 1.6cm, 33g.
Fe-Ni, Elemental Iron-nickel.
A few rare terrestrial gabbros and sulfide deposits do contain elemental iron-nickel deposits, these are the only truly native iron-nickel. All natural iron, whether it is native or meteoritic, is actually an alloy of iron and nickel. The two elements are combined in varying percentages from less than 6% nickel to as much as 75% nickel, although iron is by far more common than nickel.
Here is some info from https://solarsystem.nasa.gov
Shooting stars, or meteors, are bits of interplanetary material falling through Earth’s atmosphere and heated to incandescence by friction. These objects are called meteoroids as they are hurtling through space, becoming meteors for the few seconds they streak across the sky and create glowing trails.
Scientists estimate that 44 tonnes (44,000 kilograms, about 48.5 tons) of meteoritic material falls on the Earth each day. Several meteors per hour can usually be seen on any given night. Sometimes the number increases dramatically – these events are termed meteor showers. Some occur annually or at regular intervals as the Earth passes through the trail of dusty debris left by a comet. Meteor showers are usually named after a star or constellation that is close to where the meteors appear in the sky.
Perhaps the most famous are the Perseids, which peak around 12 August every year. Every Perseid meteor is a tiny piece of the comet Swift-Tuttle, which swings by the Sun every 135 years. Other meteor showers and their associated comets are the Leonids (Tempel-Tuttle), the Aquarids and Orionids (Halley), and the Taurids (Encke). Most comet dust in meteor showers burns up in the atmosphere before reaching the ground.
Chunks of rock and metal from asteroids and other planetary bodies that survive their journey through the atmosphere and fall to the ground are called meteorites. Most meteorites found on Earth are pebble to fist size, but some are larger than a building. Early Earth experienced many large meteorite impacts that caused extensive destruction.
One of the most intact impact craters is the Barringer Meteorite Crater in Arizona, about 1 kilometer (0.6 mile) across, formed by the impact of a piece of iron-nickel metal approximately 50 meters (164 feet) in diameter.
A very large asteroid impact 65 million years ago, which created the 300-kilometer-wide (180-mile-wide) Chicxulub crater on the Yucatan Peninsula, is thought to have contributed to the extinction of about 75 percent of marine and land animals on Earth at the time, including the dinosaurs.
Well-documented stories of meteorite-caused injury or death are rare. In the first known case of an extraterrestrial object to have injured a human being in the U.S., Ann Hodges of Sylacauga, Alabama, was severely bruised by a 3.6-kilogram (8-pound) stony meteorite that crashed through her roof in November 1954.
Meteorites may resemble Earth rocks, but they usually have a burned exterior. This fusion crust is formed as the meteorite is melted by friction as it passes through the atmosphere. There are three major types of meteorites: the “irons,” the “stones,” and the stony-irons. Meteorites also fall on other solar system bodies. Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity found the first meteorite of any type on another planet when it discovered an iron-nickel meteorite about the size of a basketball on Mars in 2005, and then found a much larger and heavier iron-nickel meteorite in 2009 in the same region. In all, Opportunity has discovered six meteorites during its travels on Mars.
More than 50,000 meteorites have been found on Earth. Of these, 99.8 percent come from asteroids. Evidence for an asteroid origin includes orbits calculated from photographic observations of meteorite falls projected back to the asteroid belt; spectra of several classes of meteorites match those of some asteroid classes; and they are very old, 4.5 to 4.6 billion years. However, we can only match one group of meteorites to a specific asteroid – the eucrite, diogenite, and howardite igneous meteorites come from the third-largest asteroid, Vesta.
Asteroids and the meteorites that fall to Earth are not pieces of a planet that broke apart, but instead are the original diverse materials from which the planets formed.
The remaining 0.2 percent of meteorites is split roughly equally between meteorites from Mars and the moon. The over 60 known martian meteorites were blasted off Mars by meteoroid impacts. All are igneous rocks crystallized from magma. The rocks are very much like Earth rocks with some distinctive compositions that indicate martian origin. The nearly 80 lunar meteorites are similar in mineralogy and composition to Apollo mission moon rocks, but distinct enough to show that they have come from other parts of the moon. Studies of lunar and martian meteorites complement studies of Apollo Moon rocks and the robotic exploration of Mars.
4.55 billion years ago: Formation age of most meteorites, taken to be the age of the solar system.
65 million years ago: Chicxulub impact leads to the death of 75 percent of the animals on Earth, including the dinosaurs.
50,000 years: Age of Barringer Meteorite Crater in Arizona.
1478 BCE: First recorded observation of meteors.
1794: Ernst Friedrich Chladni publishes the first book on meteorites, in which he proposes that they have an extraterrestrial origin.
1908: (Tunguska), 1947 (Sikote Alin), 1969 (Allende and Murchison), 1976 (Jilin) – Important 20th-century meteorite falls.
1969: Discovery of meteorites in a small area of Antarctica leads to annual expeditions by U.S. and Japanese teams.
1982-1983: Meteorites from the moon and Mars are identified in Antarctic collections.
1996: A team of NASA scientists suggests that martian mete-orite ALH84001 may contain evidence of microfossils from Mars, a still-controversial claim.
2005: NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity finds a basketball-size iron-nickel meteorite on Mars.
2009 : Opportunity finds another iron-nickel meteorite on Mars.
Major Meteor Streams Peak Night
(may vary by +/- 1 day) Time to Watch*
(24 hour clock) Maximum Rate**
(per hour) Parent Body (Asteroid or Comet)
Quadrantids January 3-4 23:00 to dawn 60-200 (196256) 2003 EH1
Lyrids April 21-22 21:30 to dawn 10-15 typical Comet C/1861 G1
Eta Aquarids May 5-6 01:30 to dawn 40-85 Comet 1P/Halley
Delta Aquarids July 27-28 21:30 to dawn 15-20 Unknown sungrazing comet
Perseids August 11-12 dusk to dawn 60-100 Comet 109P/Swift-Tuttle
Orionids October 20-21 22:00 to dawn 25 Comet 1P/Halley
Leonids November 17-18 23:30 to dawn 10-15 Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle
Geminids December 13-14 19:00 to dawn 60-120 (3200) Phaethon
* For observers in the northern hemisphere.
** Under perfect conditions